Search on: CORNEA 
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Descriptor English:   Cornea 
Descriptor Spanish:   Córnea 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Córnea 
Synonyms English:   Corneas  
Tree Number:   A09.371.060.217
Definition English:   The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed) 
Indexing Annotation English:   inflammation = KERATITIS; neoplasms = CORNEAL DISEASES (IM) + EYE NEOPLASMS (IM) + histological type of neoplasm (IM); /anat: consider CORNEAL TOPOGRAPHY
Consider also terms at English:   KERAT- 
Entry Combination - descr/qualif English:   Cornea/injuries use Corneal Injuries
Cornea/transplantation use Corneal Transplantation
 
See Related English:   Endothelium, Corneal
Keratotomy, Radial
Photorefractive Keratectomy
 
History Note English:   /transplantation was CORNEAL TRANSPLANTATION 1963-65; was CORNEA/transplantation 1966-89 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
AB abnormalities AH anatomy & histology
BS blood supply CH chemistry
CY cytology DG diagnostic imaging
DE drug effects EM embryology
EN enzymology GD growth & development
IM immunology IR innervation
ME metabolism MI microbiology
PS parasitology PA pathology
PH physiology PP physiopathology
RE radiation effects SU surgery
UL ultrastructure VI virology
Record Number:   3333 
Unique Identifier:   D003315 

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