Search on: PROINSULIN 
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Descriptor English:   Proinsulin 
Descriptor Spanish:   Proinsulina 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Proinsulina 
Tree Number:   D06.472.699.587.200.500
D12.644.548.586.200.500
D12.776.811.706
Definition English:   A pancreatic polypeptide of about 110 amino acids, depending on the species, that is the precursor of insulin. Proinsulin, produced by the PANCREATIC BETA CELLS, is comprised sequentially of the N-terminal B-chain, the proteolytically removable connecting C-peptide, and the C-terminal A-chain. It also contains three disulfide bonds, two between A-chain and B-chain. After cleavage at two locations, insulin and C-peptide are the secreted products. Intact proinsulin with low bioactivity also is secreted in small amounts. 
History Note English:   72 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
AD administration & dosage AE adverse effects
AG agonists AN analysis
AI antagonists & inhibitors BI biosynthesis
BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid
CS chemical synthesis CH chemistry
CL classification DF deficiency
DE drug effects EC economics
GE genetics HI history
IM immunology IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism PK pharmacokinetics
PD pharmacology PH physiology
PO poisoning RE radiation effects
ST standards SD supply & distribution
TU therapeutic use TO toxicity
UL ultrastructure UR urine
Record Number:   11816 
Unique Identifier:   D011384 

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