Search on: COLLAPSE THERAPY 
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Descriptor English:   Collapse Therapy 
Descriptor Spanish:   Colapsoterapia 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Colapsoterapia 
Synonyms English:   Collapse Therapies
Therapies, Collapse
Therapy, Collapse  
Tree Number:   E04.928.600.220
Definition English:   Surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis whereby the lung is totally or partially, temporarily or permanently, immobilized. The procedure was based on the popular concept that collapsing the affected portion of a tuberculous lung allowed the infected area to rest and thereby recover. At the beginning of the 20th century artificially induced pneumothorax (PNEUMOTHORAX, ARTIFICIAL) was popular. Later a variety of other techniques was used to encourage collapse of the infected portion of the lung: unilateral phrenic nerve division, PNEUMONOLYSIS, pneumoperitoneum (PNEUMOPERITONEUM, ARTIFICIAL), and THORACOPLASTY. Collapse therapy has declined since the advent of antitubercular chemotherapy. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Sabiston Jr, Textbook of Surgery, 14th ed, p1733-4) 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
AE adverse effects CL classification
EC economics ED education
ES ethics HI history
IS instrumentation LJ legislation & jurisprudence
MT methods MO mortality
NU nursing PX psychology
RH rehabilitation ST standards
SN statistics & numerical data TD trends
VE veterinary  
Record Number:   3127 
Unique Identifier:   D003096 

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