Search on: OCCUPIED TERRITORIES 
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Descriptor English:   Occupied Territories 
Descriptor Spanish:   Territorio Ocupado 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Território Ocupado 
Synonyms English:   Foreign Occupation
Foreign Occupations
Military Invasion
Military Invasions
Military Occupation
Military Occupations
Occupied Territory  
Tree Number:   SP9.020.060.010
Definition English:   1) Territories populated by illegitimate or invading inhabitants. The illegal occupation of a region can be a cause of warlike confrontations and civil wars. 2) Military occupation is effective provisional control by a certain ruling power over a territory which is not under the formal sovereignty of that entity, without the volition of the actual sovereign. Military occupation is distinguished from annexation by its intended temporary nature (i.e. no claim for permanent sovereignty), by its military nature, and by citizenship rights of the controlling power not being conferred upon the subjugated population. Military government may be broadly characterized as the administration or supervision of occupied territory, or as the governmental form of such an administration. Military government is distinguished from martial law, which is the temporary rule by domestic armed forces over disturbed areas. The rules of military government are delineated in various international agreements, primarily the Hague Convention of 1907, the Geneva Conventions of 1949, as well as established state practice. The relevant international conventions, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Commentaries, and other treaties by military scholars provide guidelines on such topics as rights and duties of the occupying power, protection of civilians, treatment of prisoners of war, coordination of relief efforts, issuance of travel documents, property rights of the populace, handling of cultural and art objects, management of refugees, and other concerns which are very important both before and after the cessation of hostilities. (Cited in: http://bit.ly/2y97Dy4) Territory under the authority and effective control of a belligerent armed force. The term is not applicable to territory being administered pursuant to peace terms, treaty, or other agreement, express or implied, with the civil authority of the territory. (From: Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. US Department of Defense, 2005 [cited in http://bit.ly/2gMYBzn]) An area of land controlled by a particular country, leader, or army. (From: MacMillan Dictionary. Available in: http://bit.ly/2yV6Fol) (UNESCO Thesaurus: http://bit.ly/2iGLHDp ) 
See Related English:   Warfare
 
History Note English:   2018 
Record Number:   57377 
Unique Identifier:   DDCS057377 

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