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Descriptor English:   Voice Disorders 
Descriptor Spanish:   Trastornos de la Voz 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Distúrbios da Voz 
Synonyms English:   Disturbance, Voice
Disturbances, Voice
Fatigue, Voice
Fatigues, Voice
Neurologic Voice Disorder
Neurologic Voice Disorders
Voice Disorder
Voice Disorder, Neurologic
Voice Disorders, Neurologic
Voice Disturbance
Voice Disturbances
Voice Fatigue
Voice Fatigues  
Tree Number:   C08.360.940
Definition English:   Pathological processes that affect voice production, usually involving VOCAL CORDS and the LARYNGEAL MUCOSA. Voice disorders can be caused by organic (anatomical), or functional (emotional or psychological) factors leading to DYSPHONIA; APHONIA; and defects in VOICE QUALITY, loudness, and pitch. 
History Note English:   1979 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced CL classification
CO complications CN congenital
DI diagnosis DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy DT drug therapy
EC economics EM embryology
EN enzymology EP epidemiology
EH ethnology ET etiology
GE genetics HI history
IM immunology ME metabolism
MI microbiology MO mortality
NU nursing PS parasitology
PA pathology PP physiopathology
PC prevention & control PX psychology
RT radiotherapy RH rehabilitation
SU surgery TH therapy
UR urine VE veterinary
VI virology  
Record Number:   27926 
Unique Identifier:   D014832 

Occurrence in VHL: