Search on: HEPATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY 
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Descriptor English:   Hepatic Encephalopathy 
Descriptor Spanish:   Encefalopatía Hepática 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Encefalopatia Hepática 
Synonyms English:   Encephalopathy, Hepatocerebral
Encephalopathy, Portal-Systemic
Encephalopathy, Portosystemic
Fulminant Hepatic Failure with Cerebral Edema
Hepatic Coma
Hepatic Stupor
Hepatocerebral Encephalopathy
Portal-Systemic Encephalopathy
Coma, Hepatic
Comas, Hepatic
Encephalopathies, Hepatic
Encephalopathies, Hepatocerebral
Encephalopathies, Portal-Systemic
Encephalopathies, Portosystemic
Encephalopathy, Portal Systemic
Hepatic Comas
Hepatic Encephalopathies
Hepatic Stupors
Hepatocerebral Encephalopathies
Portal Systemic Encephalopathy
Portal-Systemic Encephalopathies
Portosystemic Encephalopathies
Stupor, Hepatic
Stupors, Hepatic
Encephalopathy, Hepatic
Portosystemic Encephalopathy  
Tree Number:   C06.552.308.500.356
C10.228.140.163.360
C18.452.132.360
Definition English:   A syndrome characterized by central nervous system dysfunction in association with LIVER FAILURE, including portal-systemic shunts. Clinical features include lethargy and CONFUSION (frequently progressing to COMA); ASTERIXIS; NYSTAGMUS, PATHOLOGIC; brisk oculovestibular reflexes; decorticate and decerebrate posturing; MUSCLE SPASTICITY; and bilateral extensor plantar reflexes (see REFLEX, BABINSKI). ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY may demonstrate triphasic waves. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1117-20; Plum & Posner, Diagnosis of Stupor and Coma, 3rd ed, p222-5) 
History Note English:   1984; use HEPATIC COMA 1975-83 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced CL classification
CO complications CN congenital
DI diagnosis DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy DT drug therapy
EC economics EM embryology
EN enzymology EP epidemiology
EH ethnology ET etiology
GE genetics HI history
IM immunology ME metabolism
MI microbiology MO mortality
NU nursing PS parasitology
PA pathology PP physiopathology
PC prevention & control PX psychology
RT radiotherapy RH rehabilitation
SU surgery TH therapy
UR urine VE veterinary
VI virology  
Record Number:   28092 
Unique Identifier:   D006501 

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