Search on: SPINAL NERVE ROOTS 
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Descriptor English:   Spinal Nerve Roots 
Descriptor Spanish:   Raíces Nerviosas Espinales 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Raízes Nervosas Espinhais 
Synonyms English:   Dorsal Root
Nerve Root, Spinal
Nerve Roots, Spinal
Root, Dorsal
Root, Spinal
Root, Spinal Nerve
Root, Ventral
Roots, Dorsal
Roots, Spinal
Roots, Spinal Nerve
Roots, Ventral
Spinal Nerve Root
Spinal Root
Ventral Root
Dorsal Roots
Spinal Roots
Ventral Roots  
Tree Number:   A08.800.800.720.725
Definition English:   Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS. 
Indexing Annotation English:   /surg: consider RHIZOTOMY; DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA see GANGLIA, SPINAL is also available; inflammation = RADICULITIS (single root) or POLYRADICULITIS (several roots) or POLYRADICULONEURITIS (nerve roots & peripheral nerves); do not use vertebra headings to locate area of spinal nerves; nerve root compression: coordinate IM with NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES (IM), not SPINAL CORD COMPRESSION
See Related English:   Polyradiculopathy
Radiculopathy
Rhizotomy
 
History Note English:   73(70) 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
AB abnormalities AH anatomy & histology
BS blood supply CH chemistry
CY cytology DG diagnostic imaging
DE drug effects EM embryology
EN enzymology GD growth & development
IM immunology IN injuries
ME metabolism MI microbiology
PS parasitology PA pathology
PH physiology PP physiopathology
RE radiation effects SE secretion
SU surgery UL ultrastructure
VI virology  
Record Number:   13510 
Unique Identifier:   D013126 

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