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Descriptor English:   Viperidae 
Descriptor Spanish:   Viperidae 
Descriptor Portuguese:   Viperidae 
Synonyms English:   Adder, European
Adders, European
Asp
Asps
Azemiopinae
Bitis
Bushmaster
Bushmasters
Cerastes
European Adder
European Adders
European Viper
European Vipers
Gaboon Viper
Gaboon Vipers
Lachesis
True Viper
True Vipers
Viper, European
Viper, Gaboon
Viper, True
Viperinae
Vipers, European
Vipers, Gaboon
Vipers, True  
Tree Number:   B01.050.150.900.833.672.125.937
Definition English:   A family of snakes comprising four subfamilies: Azemiopinae (the mountain viper, the sole member of this subfamily), Viperinae (true vipers), Crotalinae (pit vipers) and Causinae. They are widespread throughout the world, being found in the United States, Central and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Their venoms act on the blood (hemotoxic) as compared to the venom of elapids which act on the nervous system (neurotoxic). (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp333-36) 
See Related English:   Viper Venoms
Vipera berus
 
History Note English:   94 
Allowable Qualifiers English:  
AB abnormalities AH anatomy & histology
BL blood CF cerebrospinal fluid
CL classification EM embryology
GE genetics GD growth & development
IM immunology IN injuries
ME metabolism MI microbiology
PS parasitology PH physiology
SU surgery UR urine
VI virology  
Record Number:   30977 
Unique Identifier:   D017819 

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