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Descriptor English: Pentobarbital
Descriptor Spanish: Pentobarbital
Descriptor Portuguese: Pentobarbital
Descriptor French: Pentobarbital
Entry term(s): Diabutal
Etaminal
Ethaminal
Mebubarbital
Mebumal
Monosodium Salt Pentobarbital
Nembutal
Pentobarbital Sodium
Pentobarbital, Monosodium Salt
Pentobarbitone
Sagatal
Tree number(s): D03.383.742.698.253.593
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D010424
Scope note: A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)
Allowable Qualifiers: AA analogs & derivatives
AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AG agonists
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UR urine
Pharm Action: Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Hypnotics and Sedatives
GABA Modulators
Registry Number: I4744080IR
CAS Type 1 Name: 2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-Pyrimidinetrione, 5-ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)-
DeCS ID: 10618
Unique ID: D010424
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2016/05/31
Pentobarbital - Preferred
Concept UI M0016182
Scope note A short-acting barbiturate that is effective as a sedative and hypnotic (but not as an anti-anxiety) agent and is usually given orally. It is prescribed more frequently for sleep induction than for sedation but, like similar agents, may lose its effectiveness by the second week of continued administration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p236)
Preferred term Pentobarbital
Entry term(s) Mebubarbital
Pentobarbitone
Etaminal - Narrower
Concept UI M0369491
Preferred term Etaminal
Entry term(s) Ethaminal
Sagatal - Narrower
Concept UI M0016183
Preferred term Sagatal
Nembutal - Narrower
Concept UI M0369492
Preferred term Nembutal
Pentobarbital Sodium - Narrower
Concept UI M0329816
Preferred term Pentobarbital Sodium
Entry term(s) Monosodium Salt Pentobarbital
Pentobarbital, Monosodium Salt
Diabutal - Narrower
Concept UI M0369493
Preferred term Diabutal
Mebumal - Narrower
Concept UI M0016184
Preferred term Mebumal



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