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Descriptor English: Peritoneum
Descriptor Spanish: Peritoneo
Descriptor peritoneo
Entry term(s) parametrio
peritoneo parietal
peritoneo visceral
Scope note: Cubierta endotelial de la CAVIDAD ABDOMINAL. Se distingue el peritoneo parietal que cubre el interior de la PARED ABDOMINAL y el peritoneo visceral que cubre al intestino, el MESENTERIO y a determinados órganos. La porción que envuelve al intestino se convierte en la capa serosa de la pared intestinal.
Descriptor Portuguese: Peritônio
Descriptor French: Péritoine
Entry term(s): Parametrium
Parametriums
Parietal Peritoneum
Peritoneum, Parietal
Peritoneum, Visceral
Visceral Peritoneum
Tree number(s): A01.923.047.025.600
A10.615.789.596
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D010537
Scope note: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
Annotation: do not confuse with PERITONEAL CAVITY; "peritoneal cells" = probably PERITONEAL CAVITY/cytol or PERITONEAL FLUID (see ASCITIC FLUID)/pathol but not PERITONEUM/cytol; inflammation = PERITONITIS; PERITONEAL LAVAGE is available
Allowable Qualifiers: AB abnormalities
AH anatomy & histology
BS blood supply
CH chemistry
CY cytology
DE drug effects
DG diagnostic imaging
EM embryology
EN enzymology
GD growth & development
IM immunology
IN injuries
IR innervation
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PA pathology
PH physiology
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
RE radiation effects
SU surgery
TR transplantation
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
Related: Ascitic Fluid MeSH
Laparoscopy MeSH
DeCS ID: 10727
Unique ID: D010537
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2016/05/31
Peritoneum - Preferred
Concept UI M0016366
Scope note A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.
Preferred term Peritoneum
Peritoneum, Visceral - Narrower
Concept UI M0410951
Preferred term Peritoneum, Visceral
Entry term(s) Visceral Peritoneum
Parametrium - Narrower
Concept UI M000616901
Preferred term Parametrium
Entry term(s) Parametriums
Peritoneum, Parietal - Narrower
Concept UI M0410950
Preferred term Peritoneum, Parietal
Entry term(s) Parietal Peritoneum



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