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Descriptor English: Porifera
Descriptor Spanish: Poríferos
Descriptor Portuguese: Poríferos
Descriptor French: Porifera
Entry term(s): Demospongiae
Poriferas
Sponge
Sponge (Zoology)
Sponges
Sponges (Zoology)
Tree number(s): B01.050.500.802
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D011161
Scope note: The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
Allowable Qualifiers: AH anatomy & histology
CH chemistry
CL classification
CY cytology
DE drug effects
EM embryology
EN enzymology
GD growth & development
GE genetics
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PH physiology
PS parasitology
PY pathogenicity
RE radiation effects
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
DeCS ID: 11602
Unique ID: D011161
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2009/07/06
Porifera - Preferred
Concept UI M0017330
Scope note The phylum of sponges which are sessile, suspension-feeding, multicellular animals that utilize flagellated cells called choanocytes to circulate water. Most are hermaphroditic. They are probably an early evolutionary side branch that gave rise to no other group of animals. Except for about 150 freshwater species, sponges are marine animals. They are a source of ALKALOIDS; STEROLS; and other complex molecules useful in medicine and biological research.
Preferred term Porifera
Entry term(s) Poriferas
Sponge
Sponge (Zoology)
Sponges
Sponges (Zoology)
Demospongiae - Narrower
Concept UI M0455823
Scope note The largest class in the phylum PORIFERA, comprised of over 95% of all living species. Most have siliceous spicules and/or a fibrous skeleton.
Preferred term Demospongiae



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