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Descriptor English: Potassium Deficiency
Descriptor Spanish: Deficiencia de Potasio
Descriptor deficiencia de potasio
Scope note: Cuadro debido a la disminución del aporte de potasio en la dieta, así como a la inanición o a fallos al administrar soluciones intravenosas, o a pérdida gastrointestinal en diarreas, abuso crónico de laxantes, vómitos, aspiración gástrica o divertículos intestinales. Un déficit importante de potasio puede producir debilidad muscular y conducir a parálisis y fallos respiratorios. La disfunción muscular puede dar por resultado hipoventilación, íleo paralítico, hipotensión, contracciones musculares, tetania y rabomiólisis. La nefropatía producida por déficit de potasio deteriora el mecanismo de concentración, produciendo POLIURIA y disminución en la capacidad máxima de concentración urinaria con POLIDIPSIA secundaria. (Traducción libre del original: Merck Manual, 16th ed)
Descriptor Portuguese: Deficiência de Potássio
Descriptor French: Potassium, carence
Entry term(s): Deficiencies, Potassium
Deficiency, Potassium
Potassium Deficiencies
Tree number(s): C18.654.521.500.617
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D011191
Scope note: A condition due to decreased dietary intake of potassium, as in starvation or failure to administer in intravenous solutions, or to gastrointestinal loss in diarrhea, chronic laxative abuse, vomiting, gastric suction, or bowel diversion. Severe potassium deficiency may produce muscular weakness and lead to paralysis and respiratory failure. Muscular malfunction may result in hypoventilation, paralytic ileus, hypotension, muscle twitches, tetany, and rhabomyolysis. Nephropathy from potassium deficit impairs the concentrating mechanism, producing POLYURIA and decreased maximal urinary concentrating ability with secondary POLYDIPSIA. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Entry Version: POTASSIUM DEFIC
Related: Hypokalemia MeSH
DeCS ID: 11629
Unique ID: D011191
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2011/06/24
Potassium Deficiency - Preferred
Concept UI M0017378
Scope note A condition due to decreased dietary intake of potassium, as in starvation or failure to administer in intravenous solutions, or to gastrointestinal loss in diarrhea, chronic laxative abuse, vomiting, gastric suction, or bowel diversion. Severe potassium deficiency may produce muscular weakness and lead to paralysis and respiratory failure. Muscular malfunction may result in hypoventilation, paralytic ileus, hypotension, muscle twitches, tetany, and rhabomyolysis. Nephropathy from potassium deficit impairs the concentrating mechanism, producing POLYURIA and decreased maximal urinary concentrating ability with secondary POLYDIPSIA. (Merck Manual, 16th ed)
Preferred term Potassium Deficiency
Entry term(s) Deficiencies, Potassium
Deficiency, Potassium
Potassium Deficiencies



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