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Descriptor English: Protein Deficiency
Descriptor Spanish: Deficiencia de Proteína
Descriptor deficiencia de proteínas
Entry term(s) deficiencia de proteína
deficiencia proteica
desnutrición proteica
malnutrición proteica
Scope note: Afección nutricional producida por un déficit de proteínas en la dieta, se caracteriza por cambios enzimáticos de adaptación en el hígado, incremento en las aminoácido sintetasas, y disminución de la formación de urea, conservando así el nitrógeno y reduciendo su pérdida en la orina. El crecimiento, la respuesta inmunológica, la reparación, y la producción de enzimas y hormonas están todos afectados en caso de déficit grave de proteínas. Esta condición puede surgir también con consumo adecuado de proteínas cuando las que se ingieren son de baja calidad (es decir, el contenido de uno o más aminoácidos no es adecuado y se convierte así en el factor limitante en la utilización proteica).
Descriptor Portuguese: Deficiência de Proteína
Descriptor French: Carence protéique
Entry term(s): Deficiencies, Protein
Deficiency, Protein
Protein Deficiencies
Tree number(s): C18.654.521.500.708
SP6.990.625.344.378.288
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D011488
Scope note: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)
Annotation: deficiency of dietary protein, not genetic defic of specific proteins; consider also PROTEIN-CALORIE MALNUTRITION
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Entry Version: PROTEIN DEFIC
DeCS ID: 11933
Unique ID: D011488
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2003/07/09
Protein Deficiency - Preferred
Concept UI M0017855
Scope note A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)
Preferred term Protein Deficiency
Entry term(s) Deficiencies, Protein
Deficiency, Protein
Protein Deficiencies



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