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Descriptor English: Retroviridae
Descriptor Spanish: Retroviridae
Descriptor Portuguese: Retroviridae
Descriptor French: Retroviridae
Entry term(s): C Oncovirus, Type
C Oncoviruses, Type
Leukemogenic Virus
Leukemogenic Viruses
Leukovirus
Leukoviruses
Oncornavirus
Oncornaviruses
Oncovirinae
Oncovirus
Oncovirus, Type C
Oncoviruses
Oncoviruses, Type C
RNA Tumor Virus
RNA Tumor Viruses
Retrovirus
Retroviruses
Tumor Virus, RNA
Tumor Viruses, RNA
Type C Oncovirus
Type C Oncoviruses
Virus, Leukemogenic
Virus, RNA Tumor
Viruses, Leukemogenic
Viruses, RNA Tumor
Tree number(s): B04.613.807
B04.820.650
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D012190
Scope note: Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).
Annotation: infection = RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; if discussed as tumor viruses, add TUMOR VIRUS INFECTIONS (IM); antiretroviral agents is likely to be ANTI-HIV AGENTS, otherwise index under ANTIVIRAL AGENTS
Allowable Qualifiers: CH chemistry
CL classification
DE drug effects
EN enzymology
GD growth & development
GE genetics
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PH physiology
PY pathogenicity
RE radiation effects
UL ultrastructure
Public MeSH Note: 81; was LEUKOVIRUSES 1978-80; was LEUKEMOGENIC VIRUSES 1966-77; RETROVIRUSES, MLV-RELATED was heading 1994-96; ONCOVIRINAE was heading 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1991; MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS-RELATED RETROVIRUSES & RETROVIRUSES, MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS-RELATED were see RETROVIRUSES, MLV-RELATED 1994-96; ONCOVIRUSES was see ONCOVIRINAE 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1981-91; RNA TUMOR VIRUSES was see ONCOVIRINAE 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1978-91; ONCORNAVIRUSES was see ONCOVIRINAE 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1981-91, was see LEUKOVIRUSES 1978-80, & was see ONCOGENIC VIRUSES 1975-77; ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C was heading 1991-93, was C-TYPE VIRUSES 1974-90; C-TYPE VIRUSES was see ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93; LEUKOVIRUSES was see ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93, was see ONCOGENIC VIRUSES 1975-77, was heading 1978-90, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1981-90; TYPE C ONCOVIRUSES & TYPE C ONCORNAVIRUSES were see ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93
Online Note: use RETROVIRIDAE to search RETROVIRUSES, MLV-RELATED; MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS-RELATED RETROVIRUSES; & RETROVIRUSES, MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS-RELATED 1994-96; ONCOVIRINAE, TYPE C ONCORNAVIRUSES, TYPE C ONCOVIRUSES, & ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93; ONCOVIRUSES 1981-93; LEUKOVIRUSES, ONCORNAVIRUSES, & RNA TUMOR VIRUSES 1978-93; C-TYPE VIRUSES 1972-93 (as Prov 1972-73); use ONCOGENIC VIRUSES to search LEUKOVIRUSES & ONCORNAVIRUSES 1975-77
History Note: 81; was LEUKOVIRUSES 1978-80; was LEUKEMOGENIC VIRUSES 1966-77; RETROVIRUSES, MLV-RELATED was heading 1994-96; ONCOVIRINAE was heading 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1991; MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS-RELATED RETROVIRUSES & RETROVIRUSES, MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS-RELATED were see RETROVIRUSES, MLV-RELATED 1994-96; ONCOVIRUSES was see ONCOVIRINAE 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1981-91; RNA TUMOR VIRUSES was see ONCOVIRINAE 1992-3, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1978-91; ONCORNAVIRUSES was see ONCOVIRINAE 1992-93, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1981-91, was see LEUKOVIRUSES 1978-80, & was see ONCOGENIC VIRUSES 1975-77; ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C was heading 1991-93, was C-TYPE VIRUSES 1974-90 (Prov 1972-73); C-TYPE VIRUSES was see ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93; LEUKOVIRUSES was see ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93, was see ONCOGENIC VIRUSES 1975-77, was heading 1978-90, was see RETROVIRIDAE 1981-90; TYPE C ONCOVIRUSES & TYPE C ONCORNAVIRUSES were see ONCOVIRUSES, TYPE C 1991-93
DeCS ID: 12608
Unique ID: D012190
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2015/06/23
Retroviridae - Preferred
Concept UI M0018981
Scope note Family of RNA viruses that infects birds and mammals and encodes the enzyme reverse transcriptase. The family contains seven genera: DELTARETROVIRUS; LENTIVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE B, MAMMALIAN; ALPHARETROVIRUS; GAMMARETROVIRUS; RETROVIRUSES TYPE D; and SPUMAVIRUS. A key feature of retrovirus biology is the synthesis of a DNA copy of the genome which is integrated into cellular DNA. After integration it is sometimes not expressed but maintained in a latent state (PROVIRUSES).
Preferred term Retroviridae
Entry term(s) Retrovirus
Retroviruses
Oncornaviruses - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0018982
Preferred term Oncornaviruses
Entry term(s) Oncornavirus
Oncovirinae
Oncovirus
Oncoviruses
RNA Tumor Virus
RNA Tumor Viruses
Tumor Virus, RNA
Tumor Viruses, RNA
Virus, RNA Tumor
Viruses, RNA Tumor
Type C Oncoviruses - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0018979
Preferred term Type C Oncoviruses
Entry term(s) C Oncovirus, Type
C Oncoviruses, Type
Leukovirus
Leukoviruses
Oncovirus, Type C
Oncoviruses, Type C
Type C Oncovirus
Leukemogenic Viruses - Narrower
Concept UI M0018980
Preferred term Leukemogenic Viruses
Entry term(s) Leukemogenic Virus
Virus, Leukemogenic
Viruses, Leukemogenic



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