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Descriptor in English: Tetany
Descriptor in Spanish: Tetania
Descriptor in Portuguese: Tetania
Descriptor in French: Tétanie
Entry term(s): Neonatal Tetanies
Neonatal Tetany
Spasmophilia
Spasmophilias
Tetanies
Tetanies, Neonatal
Tetanilla
Tetanillas
Tetany, Neonatal
Tree number(s): C10.597.613.875
C18.452.174.509.700
C23.888.592.608.875
Scope note: A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490)
Annotation: do not confuse with TETANUS, a Clostridium tetani infection; tetanic spasm of muscle = SPASM; tetanic contraction = MUSCLE CONTRACTION; coordinate with cause if given
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Online Note: use TETANY to search SPASMOPHILIA 1966-76
History Note: SPASMOPHILIA was heading 1963-76
DeCS UI: 14126
Descriptor UI: D013746
Date Established: 1960/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2005/06/30
Tetany - Preferred
Concept UI M0021207
Scope note A disorder characterized by muscle twitches, cramps, and carpopedal spasm, and when severe, laryngospasm and seizures. This condition is associated with unstable depolarization of axonal membranes, primarily in the peripheral nervous system. Tetany usually results from HYPOCALCEMIA or reduced serum levels of MAGNESIUM that may be associated with HYPERVENTILATION; HYPOPARATHYROIDISM; RICKETS; UREMIA; or other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1490)
Preferred term Tetany
Entry term(s) Tetanies
Tetanilla - Narrower
Concept UI M0336514
Preferred term Tetanilla
Entry term(s) Tetanillas
Tetany, Neonatal - Narrower
Concept UI M0336513
Preferred term Tetany, Neonatal
Entry term(s) Neonatal Tetanies
Neonatal Tetany
Tetanies, Neonatal
Spasmophilia - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0021206
Preferred term Spasmophilia
Entry term(s) Spasmophilias



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