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Descriptor English: Scleritis
Descriptor Spanish: Escleritis
Descriptor Portuguese: Esclerite
Descriptor French: Sclérite
Entry term(s): Episcleritides
Episcleritis
Necrotizing Scleritides
Necrotizing Scleritis
Scleritides
Scleritides, Necrotizing
Scleritis, Necrotizing
Tree number(s): C11.790.500
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D015423
Scope note: Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.
Annotation: note entry term EPISCLERITIS
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Previous Indexing: Inflammation (1966-1988)
Sclera (1966-1988)
Public MeSH Note: 89
History Note: 89
DeCS ID: 27842
Unique ID: D015423
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1989/01/01
Date of Entry: 1988/06/07
Revision Date: 1993/06/03
Scleritis - Preferred
Concept UI M0023773
Scope note Refers to any inflammation of the sclera including episcleritis, a benign condition affecting only the episclera, which is generally short-lived and easily treated. Classic scleritis, on the other hand, affects deeper tissue and is characterized by higher rates of visual acuity loss and even mortality, particularly in necrotizing form. Its characteristic symptom is severe and general head pain. Scleritis has also been associated with systemic collagen disease. Etiology is unknown but is thought to involve a local immune response. Treatment is difficult and includes administration of anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agents such as corticosteroids. Inflammation of the sclera may also be secondary to inflammation of adjacent tissues, such as the conjunctiva.
Preferred term Scleritis
Entry term(s) Scleritides
Episcleritis - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0023771
Preferred term Episcleritis
Entry term(s) Episcleritides
Necrotizing Scleritis - Narrower
Concept UI M0023772
Preferred term Necrotizing Scleritis
Entry term(s) Necrotizing Scleritides
Scleritides, Necrotizing
Scleritis, Necrotizing



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