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Descriptor English: Viperidae
Descriptor Spanish: Viperidae
Descriptor Portuguese: Viperidae
Descriptor French: Viperidae
Entry term(s): Adder, European
Adders, European
Asp
Asps
Azemiopinae
Bitis
Bushmaster
Bushmasters
Cerastes
European Adder
European Adders
European Viper
European Vipers
Gaboon Viper
Gaboon Vipers
Lachesis
True Viper
True Vipers
Viper, European
Viper, Gaboon
Viper, True
Viperinae
Vipers, European
Vipers, Gaboon
Vipers, True
Tree number(s): B01.050.150.900.833.672.125.937
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D017819
Scope note: A family of snakes comprising four subfamilies: Azemiopinae (the mountain viper, the sole member of this subfamily), Viperinae (true vipers), Crotalinae (pit vipers) and Causinae. They are widespread throughout the world, being found in the United States, Central and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Their venoms act on the blood (hemotoxic) as compared to the venom of elapids which act on the nervous system (neurotoxic). (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp333-36)
Allowable Qualifiers: AB abnormalities
AH anatomy & histology
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CL classification
EM embryology
GD growth & development
GE genetics
IM immunology
IN injuries
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PH physiology
PS parasitology
SU surgery
UR urine
VI virology
Previous Indexing: Snakes (1968-1993)
Public MeSH Note: 94
History Note: 94
Related: Viper Venoms MeSH
Vipera berus DeCS
DeCS ID: 30977
Unique ID: D017819
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1994/01/01
Date of Entry: 1993/05/07
Revision Date: 2017/05/03
Viperidae - Preferred
Concept UI M0026924
Scope note A family of snakes comprising four subfamilies: Azemiopinae (the mountain viper, the sole member of this subfamily), Viperinae (true vipers), Crotalinae (pit vipers) and Causinae. They are widespread throughout the world, being found in the United States, Central and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Their venoms act on the blood (hemotoxic) as compared to the venom of elapids which act on the nervous system (neurotoxic). (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp333-36)
Preferred term Viperidae
Bushmaster - Narrower
Concept UI M0026918
Preferred term Bushmaster
Entry term(s) Bushmasters
Cerastes - Narrower
Concept UI M0026919
Preferred term Cerastes
European Viper - Narrower
Concept UI M0026921
Preferred term European Viper
Entry term(s) Adder, European
Adders, European
Asp
Asps
European Adder
European Adders
European Vipers
Viper, European
Vipers, European
Gaboon Viper - Narrower
Concept UI M0026925
Preferred term Gaboon Viper
Entry term(s) Gaboon Vipers
Viper, Gaboon
Vipers, Gaboon
Viperinae - Narrower
Concept UI M0026923
Preferred term Viperinae
Entry term(s) True Viper
True Vipers
Viper, True
Vipers, True
Lachesis - Narrower
Concept UI M0026922
Preferred term Lachesis
Bitis - Narrower
Concept UI M0026917
Preferred term Bitis
Azemiopinae - Narrower
Concept UI M0026915
Preferred term Azemiopinae



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