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Descriptor in English: Microglia
Descriptor in Spanish: Microglía
Descriptor in Portuguese: Microglia
Descriptor in French: Microglie
Tree number(s): A08.637.400
A11.650.400
Scope note: The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
Allowable Qualifiers: CH chemistry
CL classification
CY cytology
DE drug effects
EN enzymology
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PA pathology
PH physiology
PS parasitology
RE radiation effects
TR transplantation
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
History Note: 94
DeCS UI: 31306
Descriptor UI: D017628
Date Established: 1994/01/01
Date of Entry: 1993/06/18
Microglia - Preferred
Concept UI M0026694
Scope note The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
Preferred term Microglia



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