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Descriptor English: Xanthine
Descriptor Spanish: Xantina
Descriptor Portuguese: Xantina
Descriptor French: Xanthine
Tree number(s): D03.132.960.938
D03.633.100.759.758.824.938
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D019820
Scope note: A purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Annotation: a specific chem: do not confuse with XANTHINES or XANTHENES
Allowable Qualifiers: AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AG agonists
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UR urine
Entry Combination: analogs & derivatives:Xanthines
Registry Number: 1AVZ07U9S7
Previous Indexing: Xanthines (1980-1997)
Public MeSH Note: 98; XANTHINE was indexed under XANTHINES 1981-97
History Note: 98; use XANTHINE (NM) 1980-97
DeCS ID: 33417
Unique ID: D019820
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1998/01/01
Date of Entry: 1997/06/20
Revision Date: 2016/06/01
Xanthine - Preferred
Concept UI M0029424
Scope note A purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Preferred term Xanthine



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