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Descriptor English: Ethanol
Descriptor Spanish: Etanol
Descriptor Portuguese: Etanol
Descriptor French: Éthanol
Entry term(s): Absolute Alcohol
Alcohol, Absolute
Alcohol, Ethyl
Alcohol, Grain
Ethyl Alcohol
Grain Alcohol
Tree number(s): D02.033.375
HP7.029.152.238.178
SP4.097.036.589.340
VS2.004.001.002.008
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D000431
Scope note: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Annotation: for "alcohol" unspecified; /antag: consider also ALCOHOL DETERRENTS; ethanol production by organisms = /metab; use/pois for acute alcohol poisoning & acute alcoholic intoxication; available also are ALCOHOL DRINKING and specifics, DRUNKENNESS see ALCOHOLIC INTOXICATION, ALCOHOLISM, ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES and ALCOHOL ABSTINENCE; hypophysectomy by alcohol injection = HYPOPHYSECTOMY, CHEMICAL & do not index ETHANOL unless particularly discussed
Allowable Qualifiers: AA analogs & derivatives
AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AG agonists
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UR urine
Pharm Action: Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Central Nervous System Depressants
Solvents
Registry Number: 3K9958V90M
CAS Type 1 Name: Ethanol
Public MeSH Note: 98; see ALCOHOL, ETHYL 1963-97
History Note: 98(63)
Related: Alcoholic Beverages MeSH
DeCS ID: 431
Unique ID: D000431
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1998/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2013/07/08
Ethanol - Preferred
Concept UI M0000653
Scope note A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Preferred term Ethanol
Entry term(s) Alcohol, Ethyl
Alcohol, Grain
Ethyl Alcohol
Grain Alcohol
Absolute Alcohol - Narrower
Concept UI M0000654
Preferred term Absolute Alcohol
Entry term(s) Alcohol, Absolute



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