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Descriptor in English: Brain
Descriptor in Spanish: Encéfalo
Descriptor in Portuguese: Encéfalo
Descriptor in French: Encéphale
Entry term(s): Encephalon
Tree number(s): A08.186.211
Scope note: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Annotation: general; /blood supply: consider also CEREBROVASCULAR CIRCULATION; CEREBRAL ARTERIES; CEREBRAL VEINS; CRANIAL SINUSES; /cytol: do not routinely convert to NEURONS; /surg: consider specific neurosurgical procedures in Category E4; inflammation = ENCEPHALITIS & its specifics; infarct = CEREBRAL INFARCTION; malacia = ENCEPHALOMALACIA; brain-isolated, encéphale isolé, cerveau isolé: index DECEREBRATE STATE
Allowable Qualifiers: AB abnormalities
AH anatomy & histology
BS blood supply
CY cytology
DE drug effects
DG diagnostic imaging
EM embryology
EN enzymology
GD growth & development
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PA pathology
PH physiology
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
RE radiation effects
SU surgery
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
History Note: /enzymology was BRAIN ENZYMOLOGY 1964-65; /physiology was BRAIN PHYSIOLOGY 1965; BRAIN ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY was heading 1964-65
See also the descriptors: Cerebral Decortication MeSH
Psychosurgery MeSH
DeCS UI: 1947
Descriptor UI: D001921
Date Established: 1960/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2018/02/28
Brain - Preferred
Concept UI M0002865
Scope note The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Preferred term Brain
Entry term(s) Encephalon



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