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Descriptor English: Tyramine
Descriptor Spanish: Tiramina
Descriptor Portuguese: Tiramina
Descriptor French: Tyramine
Entry term(s): 4 Hydroxyphenethylamine
4-(2-Aminoethyl)phenol
4-Hydroxyphenethylamine
p-Tyramine
para-Tyramine
Tree number(s): D02.092.211.215.811
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D014439
Scope note: An indirect sympathomimetic that occurs naturally in cheese and other foods. Tyramine does not directly activate adrenergic receptors, but it can serve as a substrate for adrenergic uptake systems and MONOAMINE OXIDASE to prolong the actions of adrenergic transmitters. It also provokes transmitter release from adrenergic terminals and may be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrate nervous systems.
Allowable Qualifiers: AA analogs & derivatives
AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AG agonists
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BI biosynthesis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PH physiology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UR urine
Pharm Action: Sympathomimetics
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Registry Number: X8ZC7V0OX3
CAS Type 1 Name: Phenol, 4-(2-aminoethyl)-
DeCS ID: 24361
Unique ID: D014439
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2016/07/01
Tyramine - Preferred
Concept UI M0022194
Scope note An indirect sympathomimetic that occurs naturally in cheese and other foods. Tyramine does not directly activate adrenergic receptors, but it can serve as a substrate for adrenergic uptake systems and MONOAMINE OXIDASE to prolong the actions of adrenergic transmitters. It also provokes transmitter release from adrenergic terminals and may be a neurotransmitter in some invertebrate nervous systems.
Preferred term Tyramine
Entry term(s) 4 Hydroxyphenethylamine
4-(2-Aminoethyl)phenol
4-Hydroxyphenethylamine
para-Tyramine - Narrower
Concept UI M0022195
Preferred term para-Tyramine
Entry term(s) p-Tyramine



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