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Descriptor English: Basilar Membrane
Descriptor Spanish: Membrana Basilar
Descriptor membrana basilar
Scope note: Membrana basal de la cóclea, que sostiene las células ciliadas del ÓRGANO DE CORTI, y está constituida por fibrillas similares a queratina. Se extiende desde la LÁMINA ESPIRAL hasta la cresta basilar. El movimiento del líquido en la cóclea, inducido por el sonido, provoca el desplazamiento de la membrana basilar y la subsiguiente estimulación de las células ciliadas adheridas a la misma, lo que transforma la señal mecánica en actividad neuronal.
Descriptor Portuguese: Membrana Basilar
Descriptor French: Membrane basilaire
Entry term(s): Basilar Membranes
Membrane, Basilar
Membranes, Basilar
Tree number(s): A09.246.300.246.125
A10.615.179.124
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D001489
Scope note: A basement membrane in the cochlea that supports the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, consisting keratin-like fibrils. It stretches from the SPIRAL LAMINA to the basilar crest. The movement of fluid in the cochlea, induced by sound, causes displacement of the basilar membrane and subsequent stimulation of the attached hair cells which transform the mechanical signal into neural activity.
Allowable Qualifiers: AB abnormalities
AH anatomy & histology
BS blood supply
CH chemistry
CY cytology
DE drug effects
DG diagnostic imaging
EM embryology
EN enzymology
GD growth & development
IM immunology
IN injuries
IR innervation
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PA pathology
PH physiology
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
RE radiation effects
SU surgery
TR transplantation
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
Public MeSH Note: 91; was see under COCHLEA 1990; was see under LABYRINTH 1960-89
Online Note: use LABYRINTH to search BASILAR MEMBRANE 1966-74
History Note: 91(75); was see under COCHLEA 1990; was see under LABYRINTH 1960-89
DeCS ID: 28253
Unique ID: D001489
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1991/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2018/07/02
Basilar Membrane - Preferred
Concept UI M0002219
Scope note A basement membrane in the cochlea that supports the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, consisting keratin-like fibrils. It stretches from the SPIRAL LAMINA to the basilar crest. The movement of fluid in the cochlea, induced by sound, causes displacement of the basilar membrane and subsequent stimulation of the attached hair cells which transform the mechanical signal into neural activity.
Preferred term Basilar Membrane
Entry term(s) Basilar Membranes
Membrane, Basilar
Membranes, Basilar



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