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Descriptor English: Cardiomegaly
Descriptor Spanish: Cardiomegalia
Descriptor cardiomegalia
Entry term(s) corazón hipertrófico
hipertrofia cardíaca
hipertrofia del corazón
Scope note: Agrandamiento del CORAZÓN, por lo general indicada por un cociente cardiotorácico superior a 0,50. Puede afectar al corazón derecho, izquierdo o a ambos VENTRÍCULOS CARDIACOS o AURÍCULAS CARDIACAS. La cardiomegalia es un sígno inespecífico observado en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca sistólica crónica (INSUFICIENCIA CARDIACA) o en varias formas de MIOCARDIOPATÍAS.
Descriptor Portuguese: Cardiomegalia
Descriptor French: Cardiomégalie
Entry term(s): Cardiac Hypertrophies
Cardiac Hypertrophy
Enlarged Heart
Enlargement, Heart
Heart Enlargement
Heart Hypertrophies
Heart Hypertrophy
Heart, Enlarged
Hypertrophies, Cardiac
Hypertrophies, Heart
Hypertrophy, Cardiac
Hypertrophy, Heart
Tree number(s): C14.280.195
C23.300.775.250
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D006332
Scope note: Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Annotation: general or unspecified; prefer HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR or HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR; note entry term CARDIAC HYPERTROPHY: do not confuse with CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC; CARDIOMEGALY, EXERCISE-INDUCED is also available
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Public MeSH Note: 2000; see HEART HYPERTROPHY 1993-1999; see HEART ENLARGEMENT 1963-1992
History Note: 2000(1963)
DeCS ID: 30921
Unique ID: D006332
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 2000/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2011/06/24
Cardiomegaly - Preferred
Concept UI M0009952
Scope note Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Preferred term Cardiomegaly
Entry term(s) Enlarged Heart
Enlargement, Heart
Heart Enlargement
Heart, Enlarged
Cardiac Hypertrophy - Narrower
Concept UI M0453089
Scope note Enlargement of the HEART due to chamber HYPERTROPHY, an increase in wall thickness without an increase in the number of cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). It is the result of increase in myocyte size, mitochondrial and myofibrillar mass, as well as changes in extracellular matrix.
Preferred term Cardiac Hypertrophy
Entry term(s) Cardiac Hypertrophies
Heart Hypertrophies
Heart Hypertrophy
Hypertrophies, Cardiac
Hypertrophies, Heart
Hypertrophy, Cardiac
Hypertrophy, Heart



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