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Descriptor English: Heart Failure
Descriptor Spanish: Insuficiencia Cardíaca
Descriptor insuficiencia cardíaca
Entry term(s) descompensación cardíaca
falencia cardíaca
fallo cardíaco congestivo
Scope note: Afección heterogénea en la que el corazón se torna incapaz de bombear suficiente cantidad de sangre como para mantener las necesidades metabólicas del organismo. El fallo cardíaco puede deberse a defectos estructurales, anomalias funcionales (DISFUNCIÓN VENTRICULAR) o a una sobrecarga que supere su capacidad. La insuficiencia cardíaca crónica suele ser más frecuente que la insuficiencia cardíaca aguda, que es resultado de un daño súbito a la función cardíaca, como por ejemplo un INFARTO DE MIOCARDIO.
Descriptor Portuguese: Insuficiência Cardíaca
Descriptor French: Défaillance cardiaque
Entry term(s): Cardiac Failure
Congestive Heart Failure
Decompensation, Heart
Heart Decompensation
Heart Failure, Congestive
Heart Failure, Left Sided
Heart Failure, Left-Sided
Heart Failure, Right Sided
Heart Failure, Right-Sided
Left Sided Heart Failure
Left-Sided Heart Failure
Myocardial Failure
Right Sided Heart Failure
Right-Sided Heart Failure
Tree number(s): C14.280.434
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D006333
Scope note: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Annotation: "scompenso di cuore" is "heart decompensation" in Italian; do not confuse with CARDIOMYOPATHY, CONGESTIVE
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Public MeSH Note: 2008; see HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE 1966-2007
History Note: 2008 (1966)
DeCS ID: 6486
Unique ID: D006333
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 2008/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2007/07/09
Heart Failure - Preferred
Concept UI M0009953
Scope note A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Preferred term Heart Failure
Entry term(s) Cardiac Failure
Heart Decompensation - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0502049
Preferred term Heart Decompensation
Entry term(s) Decompensation, Heart
Heart Failure, Right-Sided - Narrower
Concept UI M0502052
Scope note Heart failure involving the RIGHT VENTRICLE.
Preferred term Heart Failure, Right-Sided
Entry term(s) Heart Failure, Right Sided
Right Sided Heart Failure
Right-Sided Heart Failure
Myocardial Failure - Narrower
Concept UI M0504132
Scope note Heart failure caused by dysfunction of the MYOCARDIUM, leading to defective cardiac emptying (contraction) or filling (relaxation).
Preferred term Myocardial Failure
Congestive Heart Failure - Narrower
Concept UI M0502050
Scope note Heart failure accompanied by EDEMA, such as swelling of the legs and ankles and congestion in the lungs.
Preferred term Congestive Heart Failure
Entry term(s) Heart Failure, Congestive
Heart Failure, Left-Sided - Narrower
Concept UI M0502053
Scope note Heart failure involving the LEFT VENTRICLE.
Preferred term Heart Failure, Left-Sided
Entry term(s) Heart Failure, Left Sided
Left Sided Heart Failure
Left-Sided Heart Failure



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