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Descriptor English: Falkland Islands
Descriptor Spanish: Islas Malvinas
Descriptor Portuguese: Ilhas Malvinas
Descriptor French: Iles Falkland
Entry term(s): Malvinas
Tree number(s): Z01.639.040.695
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D019432
Scope note: A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)
Annotation: a Brit colony in the Atlantic Islands
Allowable Qualifiers: EH ethnology
EP epidemiology
Previous Indexing: Atlantic Islands (1982-1996)
History Note: 97
DeCS ID: 33217
Unique ID: D019432
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1997/01/01
Date of Entry: 1996/06/26
Revision Date: 2012/07/03
Falkland Islands - Preferred
Concept UI M0028908
Scope note A British colony in the Atlantic Islands, comprising two principal islands, East Falkland and West Falkland. Its capital is Stanley. Discovered in 1592, it was not occupied until the French settled there briefly in 1764. Later the English settled there but were expelled by the Spanish in 1770. The Falklands were claimed by Argentina but were occupied in 1833 by the British who, after an April 1982 invasion by Argentina, regained them in June. The islands were named by British Captain John Strong in 1690 for the fifth Viscount Falkland who financed Strong's expedition. The Spanish name for the islands, Malvinas, is from the French Malouins, inhabitants of St. Malo who attempted to colonize the islands in 1764. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p389 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p182)
Preferred term Falkland Islands
Entry term(s) Malvinas



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