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Descriptor English: Alcoholism
Descriptor Spanish: Alcoholismo
Descriptor Portuguese: Alcoolismo
Descriptor French: Alcoolisme
Entry term(s): Abuse, Alcohol
Abuse, Ethanol
Addiction, Alcohol
Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol Addiction
Alcohol Dependence
Alcohol Use Disorder
Alcohol Use Disorders
Alcoholic Intoxication, Chronic
Chronic Alcoholic Intoxication
Dependence, Alcohol
Ethanol Abuse
Intoxication, Chronic Alcoholic
Use Disorder, Alcohol
Use Disorders, Alcohol
Tree number(s): C25.775.100.250
F03.900.100.350
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D000437
Scope note: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Annotation: human and animal; note entry term ALCOHOLIC INTOXICATION, CHRONIC: do not coordinate with CHRONIC DISEASE; available also are BINGE DRINKING, DRUNKENNESS see ALCOHOLIC INTOXICATION and ALCOHOLICS; acute alcoholic intoxication = ETHANOL /pois; consider also ALCOHOL-INDUCED DISORDERS and specifics; index other complications of alcoholism under ALCOHOLISM /compl + disease /etiol not /chem ind; abstinence from alcohol in alcoholism: coordinate with TEMPERANCE
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CL classification
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Entry Combination: congenital:Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Related: Alcohol Deterrents MeSH
Alcoholics Anonymous MeSH
Psychoses, Alcoholic MeSH
Temperance MeSH
DeCS ID: 440
Unique ID: D000437
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2020/06/22
Alcoholism - Preferred
Concept UI M0000661
Scope note A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Preferred term Alcoholism
Entry term(s) Addiction, Alcohol
Alcohol Addiction
Alcohol Dependence
Alcoholic Intoxication, Chronic
Chronic Alcoholic Intoxication
Dependence, Alcohol
Intoxication, Chronic Alcoholic
Alcohol Use Disorder - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M000625856
Preferred term Alcohol Use Disorder
Entry term(s) Alcohol Use Disorders
Use Disorder, Alcohol
Use Disorders, Alcohol
Alcohol Abuse - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0000662
Preferred term Alcohol Abuse
Entry term(s) Abuse, Alcohol
Abuse, Ethanol
Ethanol Abuse



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