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Descriptor English: Anencephaly
Descriptor Spanish: Anencefalia
Descriptor Portuguese: Anencefalia
Descriptor French: Anencéphalie
Entry term(s): Absence of Brain, Congenital
Anencephalia
Anencephalias
Anencephalies, Partial
Anencephalus
Anencephaly, Hemicranial
Anencephaly, Incomplete
Anencephaly, Partial
Aprosencephalies
Aprosencephaly
Brain Congenital Absence
Congenital Absence of Brain
Hemicranial Anencephaly
Incomplete Anencephaly
Partial Anencephalies
Partial Anencephaly
Tree number(s): C10.500.680.196
C16.131.085.197
C16.131.666.680.196
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D000757
Scope note: A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
Annotation:
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Public MeSH Note: 79; was ANENCEPHALUS 1966-78
Online Note: use ANENCEPHALY to search ANENCEPHALUS 1966-78
History Note: 79; was ANENCEPHALUS 1964-78 (Prov 1964-65)
Related: alpha-Fetoproteins MeSH
DeCS ID: 770
Unique ID: D000757
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2013/07/08
Anencephaly - Preferred
Concept UI M0001142
Scope note A malformation of the nervous system caused by failure of the anterior neuropore to close. Infants are born with intact spinal cords, cerebellums, and brainstems, but lack formation of neural structures above this level. The skull is only partially formed but the eyes are usually normal. This condition may be associated with folate deficiency. Affected infants are only capable of primitive (brain stem) reflexes and usually do not survive for more than two weeks. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p247)
Preferred term Anencephaly
Entry term(s) Absence of Brain, Congenital
Anencephalia
Anencephalias
Anencephalus
Brain Congenital Absence
Congenital Absence of Brain
Incomplete Anencephaly - Narrower
Concept UI M0336992
Preferred term Incomplete Anencephaly
Entry term(s) Anencephalies, Partial
Anencephaly, Hemicranial
Anencephaly, Incomplete
Anencephaly, Partial
Hemicranial Anencephaly
Partial Anencephalies
Partial Anencephaly
Aprosencephaly - Narrower
Concept UI M0336990
Preferred term Aprosencephaly
Entry term(s) Aprosencephalies



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