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Descriptor English: Mitochondria
Descriptor Spanish: Mitocondrias
Descriptor Portuguese: Mitocôndrias
Descriptor French: Mitochondries
Entry term(s): Contraction, Mitochondrial
Contractions, Mitochondrial
Mitochondrial Contraction
Mitochondrial Contractions
Mitochondrion
Tree number(s): A11.284.430.214.190.875.564
A11.284.835.626
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D008928
Scope note: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Annotation: coordinate with organ /metab but not also organ /ultrastruct for metabolic studies; coordinate with organ /ultrastruct for morphological studies; mitochondria of vascular or smooth muscle tissue goes under MITOCHONDRIA, MUSCLE
Allowable Qualifiers: CH chemistry
CL classification
DE drug effects
EN enzymology
GE genetics
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PA pathology
PH physiology
PS parasitology
RE radiation effects
TR transplantation
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
Public MeSH Note: MITOCHONDRIAL CONTRACTION was heading 1975-96 (see under MITOCHONDRIA 1975)
History Note: MITOCHONDRIAL CONTRACTION was heading 1969-96 (was see under MITOCHONDRIA 1975, was Prov 1969-74)
DeCS ID: 9117
Unique ID: D008928
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1960/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2003/07/09
Mitochondria - Preferred
Concept UI M0013938
Scope note Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Preferred term Mitochondria
Entry term(s) Mitochondrion
Mitochondrial Contraction - Related but not broader or narrower
Concept UI M0013939
Preferred term Mitochondrial Contraction
Entry term(s) Contraction, Mitochondrial
Contractions, Mitochondrial
Mitochondrial Contractions



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