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Descriptor English: Phytanic Acid
Descriptor Spanish: Ácido Fitánico
Descriptor Portuguese: Ácido Fitânico
Descriptor French: Acide phytanique
Entry term(s): Acid, Phytanic
Tree number(s): D02.455.849.291.515
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D010831
Scope note: A 20-carbon branched chain fatty acid. In phytanic acid storage disease (REFSUM DISEASE) this lipid may comprise as much as 30% of the total fatty acids of the plasma. This is due to a phytanic acid alpha-hydroxylase deficiency.
Allowable Qualifiers: AA analogs & derivatives
AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AG agonists
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UR urine
Registry Number: 14721-66-5
CAS Type 1 Name: Hexadecanoic acid, 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-
Previous Indexing: Diterpenes (1974)
Fatty Acids (1970-1974)
Public MeSH Note: 91; was see under EICOSANOIC ACIDS 1975-90
History Note: 91(75); was see under EICOSANOIC ACIDS 1975-90
DeCS ID: 11263
Unique ID: D010831
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1991/01/01
Date of Entry: 1974/11/19
Revision Date: 2006/07/05
Phytanic Acid - Preferred
Concept UI M0016816
Scope note A 20-carbon branched chain fatty acid. In phytanic acid storage disease (REFSUM DISEASE) this lipid may comprise as much as 30% of the total fatty acids of the plasma. This is due to a phytanic acid alpha-hydroxylase deficiency.
Preferred term Phytanic Acid
Entry term(s) Acid, Phytanic



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