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Descriptor English: Microglia
Descriptor Spanish: Microglía
Descriptor Portuguese: Microglia
Descriptor French: Microglie
Entry term(s): Cell, Microglial
Microglial Cell
Microglial Cells
Microglias
Tree number(s): A08.637.400
A11.650.400
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D017628
Scope note: The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
Allowable Qualifiers: CH chemistry
CL classification
CY cytology
DE drug effects
EN enzymology
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
PA pathology
PH physiology
PS parasitology
RE radiation effects
TR transplantation
UL ultrastructure
VI virology
Previous Indexing: Neuroglia (1966-1993)
Public MeSH Note: 94
History Note: 94
DeCS ID: 31306
Unique ID: D017628
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1994/01/01
Date of Entry: 1993/06/18
Revision Date: 2020/01/16
Microglia - Preferred
Concept UI M0026694
Scope note The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.
Preferred term Microglia
Entry term(s) Cell, Microglial
Microglial Cell
Microglial Cells
Microglias



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