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Descriptor English: Neuromuscular Blockade
Descriptor Spanish: Bloqueo Neuromuscular
Descriptor Portuguese: Bloqueio Neuromuscular
Descriptor French: Blocage neuromusculaire
Entry term(s): Block, Neuromuscular
Blockade, Neuromuscular
Neuromuscular Block
Tree number(s): E03.706
E05.635
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D019148
Scope note: The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
Annotation: to produce muscle relaxation during surg & in various exper procedures; differentiate from NERVE BLOCK: read MeSH definitions
Allowable Qualifiers: AE adverse effects
CL classification
EC economics
ES ethics
HI history
IS instrumentation
MO mortality
MT methods
NU nursing
PX psychology
SN statistics & numerical data
ST standards
TD trends
VE veterinary
Previous Indexing: Neuromuscular Blocking Agents (1966-1996)
Neuromuscular Junction/drug effects (1966-1996)
Public MeSH Note: 97
History Note: 97
Related: Neuromuscular Blocking Agents MeSH
DeCS ID: 33110
Unique ID: D019148
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1997/01/01
Date of Entry: 1996/06/10
Revision Date: 2001/07/25
Neuromuscular Blockade - Preferred
Concept UI M0028548
Scope note The intentional interruption of transmission at the NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION by external agents, usually neuromuscular blocking agents. It is distinguished from NERVE BLOCK in which nerve conduction (NEURAL CONDUCTION) is interrupted rather than neuromuscular transmission. Neuromuscular blockade is commonly used to produce MUSCLE RELAXATION as an adjunct to anesthesia during surgery and other medical procedures. It is also often used as an experimental manipulation in basic research. It is not strictly speaking anesthesia but is grouped here with anesthetic techniques. The failure of neuromuscular transmission as a result of pathological processes is not included here.
Preferred term Neuromuscular Blockade
Entry term(s) Block, Neuromuscular
Blockade, Neuromuscular
Neuromuscular Block



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