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Descriptor in English: Endemic Diseases
Descriptor in Spanish: Enfermedades Endémicas
Descriptor in Portuguese: Doenças Endêmicas
Descriptor in French: Maladies endémiques
Entry term(s): Disease, Endemic
Diseases, Endemic
Endemic Disease
Tree number(s): N06.850.392
SP5.001.047.113.109
Scope note: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Annotation: note category; do not confuse with epidemic dis ( = EPIDEMICS see DISEASE OUTBREAKS); IM; coord IM with specific dis /epidemiol (IM) & specify geog
Allowable Qualifiers: CL classification
EC economics
ES ethics
HI history
LJ legislation & jurisprudence
PC prevention & control
SN statistics & numerical data
VE veterinary
History Note: 97
DeCS UI: 33154
Descriptor UI: D019353
Date Established: 1997/01/01
Date of Entry: 1996/06/10
Revision Date: 2008/07/08
Endemic Diseases - Preferred
Concept UI M0028808
Scope note The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Preferred term Endemic Diseases
Entry term(s) Disease, Endemic
Diseases, Endemic
Endemic Disease



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