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Descriptor English: Endemic Diseases
Descriptor Spanish: Enfermedades Endémicas
Descriptor enfermedades endémicas
Entry term(s) enfermedad endémica
Scope note: Presencia constante de enfermedades o agentes infecciosos en un área geográfica o grupo de población determinados. También puede referirse a la prevalencia habitual de una determinada enfermedad en dicha área o grupo. Incluye las enfermedades holoendémicas e hiperendémicas. Una enfermedad holoendémica es aquella para la cual existe un alto nivel de prevalencia de la infección que comienza precozmente en la vida y afecta a la mayoría de la población infantil, llevando a un estado de equilibrio tal que la población adulta muestra evidencia de la enfermedad con mucha menor frecuencia que los niños (en muchas comunidades el paludismo es una enfermedad holoendémica). Una enfermedad hiperendémica es aquella que está constantemente presente con altas tasas de incidencia o prevalencia y que afecta a todos los grupos por igual (Traducción libre del original: Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Descriptor Portuguese: Doenças Endêmicas
Descriptor French: Maladies endémiques
Entry term(s): Disease, Endemic
Diseases, Endemic
Endemic Disease
Tree number(s): N06.850.392
SP5.001.047.113.109
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D019353
Scope note: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Annotation: note category; do not confuse with epidemic dis ( = EPIDEMICS see DISEASE OUTBREAKS); IM; coord IM with specific dis /epidemiol (IM) & specify geog
Allowable Qualifiers: CL classification
EC economics
ES ethics
HI history
LJ legislation & jurisprudence
PC prevention & control
SN statistics & numerical data
VE veterinary
Previous Indexing: specific disease/epidemiology (1966-1996)
Public MeSH Note: 97
History Note: 97
Entry Version: ENDEMIC DIS
DeCS ID: 33154
Unique ID: D019353
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1997/01/01
Date of Entry: 1996/06/10
Revision Date: 2008/07/08
Endemic Diseases - Preferred
Concept UI M0028808
Scope note The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)
Preferred term Endemic Diseases
Entry term(s) Disease, Endemic
Diseases, Endemic
Endemic Disease



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