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Descriptor English: Muscle Stretching Exercises
Descriptor Spanish: Ejercicios de Estiramiento Muscular
Descriptor Portuguese: Exercícios de Alongamento Muscular
Descriptor French: Exercices d'étirement musculaire
Entry term(s): Active Stretching
Ballistic Stretching
Dynamic Stretching
Exercise, Muscle Stretching
Exercise, PNF Stretching
Exercises, Muscle Stretching
Isometric Stretching
Muscle Stretching Exercise
Neuromuscular Facilitation, Proprioceptive
PNF Stretching
PNF Stretching Exercise
PNF Stretching Exercises
PNF Stretchings
Passive Stretching
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Stretching
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitations
Relaxed Stretching
Static Active Stretching
Static Passive Stretching
Static Stretching
Static-Active Stretching
Static-Passive Stretching
Stretching Exercise, PNF
Stretching, Active
Stretching, Ballistic
Stretching, Dynamic
Stretching, Isometric
Stretching, PNF
Stretching, Passive
Stretching, Relaxed
Stretching, Static
Stretching, Static-Active
Stretching, Static-Passive
Tree number(s): E02.760.169.063.500.387.750
E02.779.483.750
E02.831.535.483.750
G11.427.410.698.277.249
I03.350.249
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D052580
Scope note: Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
Allowable Qualifiers: AE adverse effects
CL classification
EC economics
ED education
ES ethics
HI history
IS instrumentation
LJ legislation & jurisprudence
MT methods
OG organization & administration
SN statistics & numerical data
ST standards
TD trends
Public MeSH Note: 2007
History Note: 2007
Related: Yoga MeSH
DeCS ID: 52426
Unique ID: D052580
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 2007/01/01
Date of Entry: 2006/07/05
Revision Date: 2020/02/21
Muscle Stretching Exercises - Preferred
Concept UI M0487886
Scope note Exercises that stretch the muscle fibers with the aim to increase muscle-tendon FLEXIBILITY, improve RANGE OF MOTION or musculoskeletal function, and prevent injuries. There are various types of stretching techniques including active, passive (relaxed), static, dynamic (gentle), ballistic (forced), isometric, and others.
Preferred term Muscle Stretching Exercises
Entry term(s) Exercise, Muscle Stretching
Exercises, Muscle Stretching
Muscle Stretching Exercise
Static Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487890
Scope note This is when one stretches to the farthest point and holds the stretch.
Preferred term Static Stretching
Entry term(s) Stretching, Static
Passive Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487889
Scope note A technique in which one is relaxed and makes no contribution to the range of motion. Instead, an external force is used to achieve the stretching. A position is held by another body part or person, or an apparatus.
Preferred term Passive Stretching
Entry term(s) Relaxed Stretching
Static Passive Stretching
Static-Passive Stretching
Stretching, Passive
Stretching, Relaxed
Stretching, Static-Passive
Isometric Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487892
Scope note This is a type of static stretching which involves the resistance of muscle groups through ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION.
Preferred term Isometric Stretching
Entry term(s) Stretching, Isometric
Active Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487887
Scope note This is where one assumes a position and then holds it there with no assistance other than using the muscle strength.
Preferred term Active Stretching
Entry term(s) Static Active Stretching
Static-Active Stretching
Stretching, Active
Stretching, Static-Active
Ballistic Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487894
Scope note This uses the momentum of a moving body or a limb in an attempt to force it beyond its normal range of motion.
Preferred term Ballistic Stretching
Entry term(s) Stretching, Ballistic
Dynamic Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487893
Scope note This involves moving parts of the body and gradually increasing reach, speed of movement, or both. It is a gentle and controlled stretching to the limits of one's range of motion.
Preferred term Dynamic Stretching
Entry term(s) Stretching, Dynamic
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Stretching - Narrower
Concept UI M0487888
Scope note A form of flexibility and strengthening training, which involves targeting muscle groups in functional directions. It is designed to imitate natural proprioceptive input and muscle activation patterns to improve flexibility and range of motion. It combines muscle contraction and relaxation with passive and partner-assisted stretching.
Preferred term Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) Stretching
Entry term(s) Exercise, PNF Stretching
Neuromuscular Facilitation, Proprioceptive
PNF Stretching
PNF Stretching Exercise
PNF Stretching Exercises
PNF Stretchings
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitations
Stretching Exercise, PNF
Stretching, PNF



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