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Descriptor English: Intellectual Disability
Descriptor Spanish: Discapacidad Intelectual
Descriptor Portuguese: Deficiência Intelectual
Descriptor French: Déficience intellectuelle
Entry term(s): Deficiencies, Mental
Deficiency, Mental
Development Disorder, Intellectual
Development Disorders, Intellectual
Disabilities, Intellectual
Disability, Intellectual
Disorder, Intellectual Development
Disorders, Intellectual Development
Idiocy
Intellectual Development Disorder
Intellectual Development Disorders
Intellectual Disabilities
Mental Deficiencies
Mental Deficiency
Mental Retardation
Mental Retardation, Psychosocial
Mental Retardations, Psychosocial
Psychosocial Mental Retardation
Psychosocial Mental Retardations
Retardation, Mental
Retardation, Psychosocial Mental
Retardations, Psychosocial Mental
Tree number(s): C10.597.606.360
C23.888.592.604.646
F01.700.687
F03.625.539
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D008607
Scope note: Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Annotation: do not equate /rehabil with EDUCATION OF INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Entry Combination: education:Education of Intellectually Disabled
Public MeSH Note: 1967; see MENTAL DEFICIENCY 1963-1966; see IDIOCY 1963-1984; see MENTAL RETARDATION, PSYCHOSOCIAL 1969-1997
History Note: 1967(1963)
DeCS ID: 8777
Unique ID: D008607
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1967/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2018/06/30
Intellectual Disability - Preferred
Concept UI M0013414
Scope note Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Preferred term Intellectual Disability
Entry term(s) Development Disorder, Intellectual
Development Disorders, Intellectual
Disabilities, Intellectual
Disability, Intellectual
Disorder, Intellectual Development
Disorders, Intellectual Development
Intellectual Development Disorder
Intellectual Development Disorders
Intellectual Disabilities
Mental Retardation
Retardation, Mental
Idiocy - Narrower
Concept UI M0013413
Preferred term Idiocy
Mental Retardation, Psychosocial - Narrower
Concept UI M0013415
Preferred term Mental Retardation, Psychosocial
Entry term(s) Mental Retardations, Psychosocial
Psychosocial Mental Retardation
Psychosocial Mental Retardations
Retardation, Psychosocial Mental
Retardations, Psychosocial Mental
Deficiency, Mental - Broader
Concept UI M0337434
Preferred term Deficiency, Mental
Entry term(s) Deficiencies, Mental
Mental Deficiencies
Mental Deficiency



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