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Descriptor English: Caustics
Descriptor Spanish: Cáusticos
Descriptor Portuguese: Cáusticos
Descriptor French: Caustiques
Entry term(s): Corrosives
Tree number(s): D27.720.185
D27.888.569.185
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D002424
Scope note: Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.
Annotation: caustic injury: index CAUSTICS /tox + BURNS, CHEMICAL + organ /inj; see also note on ESOPHAGEAL STENOSIS
Allowable Qualifiers: AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AN analysis
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
DeCS ID: 2462
Unique ID: D002424
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2005/06/30
Caustics - Preferred
Concept UI M0003694
Scope note Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.
Preferred term Caustics
Corrosives - Broader
Concept UI M0003695
Preferred term Corrosives



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