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Descriptor English: Bayes Theorem
Descriptor Spanish: Teorema de Bayes
 Descriptor teorema de Bayes Entry term(s) análisis bayesiano análisis de Bayes estimación bayesiana método de Bayes predicción bayesiana predicción de Bayes Scope note: Teorema de la teoría probabilística denominado en honor a Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). Se utiliza en EPIDEMIOLOGÍA para obtener la probabilidad de una enfermedad en un grupo de personas con determinadas características atendiendo a la tasa global de dicha enfermedad y a la probabilidad de que se den tales características en individuos sanos y enfermos. La aplicación más común se da en el análisis de decisiones clínicas, en el que se utiliza para estimar la probabilidad de un determinado diagnóstico ante determinados síntomas o resultados de pruebas.
Descriptor Portuguese: Teorema de Bayes
Descriptor French: Théorème de Bayes
Entry term(s): Analysis, Bayesian
Approach, Bayesian
Approachs, Bayesian
Bayesian Analysis
Bayesian Approach
Bayesian Approachs
Bayesian Estimation
Bayesian Forecast
Bayesian Method
Bayesian Prediction
Forecast, Bayesian
Method, Bayesian
Prediction, Bayesian
Theorem, Bayes
Tree number(s): E05.318.740.600.200
N05.715.360.750.625.150
N06.850.520.830.600.200
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D001499
Scope note: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Annotation: IM general only
Allowable Qualifiers: No qualifiers
Previous Indexing: Probability (1966-1974)
Public MeSH Note: 91; was see under PROBABILITY 1975-90
Online Note: search PROBABILITY 1968-74
History Note: 91(75); was see under PROBABILITY 1975-90
DeCS ID: 28635
Unique ID: D001499
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1991/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2015/07/09
Bayes Theorem - Preferred
 Concept UI M0002234 Scope note A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result. Preferred term Bayes Theorem Entry term(s) Theorem, Bayes
Bayesian Forecast - Related but not broader or narrower
 Concept UI M0002236 Preferred term Bayesian Forecast Entry term(s) Forecast, Bayesian
Bayesian Prediction - Related but not broader or narrower
 Concept UI M0002238 Preferred term Bayesian Prediction Entry term(s) Bayesian Estimation Prediction, Bayesian
Bayesian Analysis - Related but not broader or narrower
 Concept UI M0002235 Preferred term Bayesian Analysis Entry term(s) Analysis, Bayesian Approach, Bayesian Approachs, Bayesian Bayesian Approach Bayesian Approachs
Bayesian Method - Related but not broader or narrower
 Concept UI M0002237 Preferred term Bayesian Method Entry term(s) Method, Bayesian