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Descriptor English: Compartment Syndromes
Descriptor Spanish: Síndromes Compartimentales
Descriptor síndromes compartimentales
Scope note: Afecciones en las que el aumento de presión dentro de un espacio limitado compromete la CIRCULACIÓN SANGUÍNEA y la función de los tejidos localizados en dicho espacio. Algunas de las causas de aumento de presión son los TRAUMATISMOS, los vendajes apretados, la HEMORRAGIA y el ejercicio. Las secuelas incluyen compresión nerviosa (SÍNDROMES DE COMPRESIÓN NERVIOSA), PARÁLISIS y CONTRACTURA ISQUÉMICA. A menudo se practica una FASCIOTOMÍA para descomprimir el aumento de presión y eliminar el dolor asociado a los síndromes compartimentales.
Descriptor Portuguese: Síndromes Compartimentais
Descriptor French: Syndrome des loges
Entry term(s): Compartment Syndrome
Syndrome, Compartment
Syndromes, Compartment
Tree number(s): C05.651.180
C14.907.303
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D003161
Scope note: Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE. FASCIOTOMY is often used to decompress increased pressure and eliminate pain associated with compartment syndromes.
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Previous Indexing: Anterior Compartment Syndrome (1972-1980)
Ischemia (1966-1980)
Muscles (1966-1980)
Muscular Diseases (1966-1980)
Public MeSH Note: 1981
History Note: 1981
Related: Crush Injuries MeSH
Nerve Compression Syndromes MeSH
DeCS ID: 3192
Unique ID: D003161
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1981/01/01
Date of Entry: 1980/05/14
Revision Date: 2020/02/28
Compartment Syndromes - Preferred
Concept UI M0004909
Scope note Conditions in which increased pressure within a limited space compromises the BLOOD CIRCULATION and function of tissue within that space. Some of the causes of increased pressure are TRAUMA, tight dressings, HEMORRHAGE, and exercise. Sequelae include nerve compression (NERVE COMPRESSION SYNDROMES); PARALYSIS; and ISCHEMIC CONTRACTURE. FASCIOTOMY is often used to decompress increased pressure and eliminate pain associated with compartment syndromes.
Preferred term Compartment Syndromes
Entry term(s) Compartment Syndrome
Syndrome, Compartment
Syndromes, Compartment



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