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Descriptor English: Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic
Descriptor Spanish: Neuropatía Óptica Isquémica
Descriptor neuropatía óptica isquémica
Entry term(s) NOIANA
isquemia del nervio óptico
neuropatía isquémica óptica
neuropatía óptica isquémica anterior
neuropatía óptica isquémica anterior no arterítica
neuropatía óptica isquémica posterior
Scope note: Lesión isquémica del NERVIO ÓPTICO que suele afectar al DISCO ÓPTICO (neuropatía óptica isquémica anterior) y con menos frecuencia a la porción retrobulbar del nervio (neuropatía óptica isquémica posterior). La lesión se produce por la oclusión del suministro de sangre arterial que puede producirse por ARTERITIS TEMPORAL, ATEROSCLEROSIS, ENFERMEDADES DEL COLÁGENO, EMBOLIA, DIABETES MELLITUS y otras afecciones. La enfermedad se produce principalmente en la sexta década o después, y se manifiesta con súbita pérdida visual monocular no dolorosa. La neuropatía óptica isquémica anterior se caracteriza también por edema del disco óptico con microhemorragias. El disco óptico tiene un aspecto normal en la neuropatía óptica isquémica posterior. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
Descriptor Portuguese: Neuropatia Óptica Isquêmica
Descriptor French: Neuropathie optique ischémique
Entry term(s): Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Ischaemic Neuropathy, Optic
Ischemia, Optic Nerve
Ischemic Neuropathy, Optic
Ischemic Optic Neuropathies
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
NAION
Nerve Ischemia, Optic
Neuropathy, Ischemic Optic
Neuropathy, Optic Ischaemic
Neuropathy, Optic Ischemic
Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Optic Ischaemic Neuropathies
Optic Ischaemic Neuropathy
Optic Ischemic Neuropathies
Optic Ischemic Neuropathy
Optic Nerve Ischemia
Optic Nerve Ischemias
Optic Neuropathy, Anterior Ischemic
Optic Neuropathy, Posterior Ischemic
Posterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Tree number(s): C10.292.700.600
C11.640.643
C14.907.601
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D018917
Scope note: Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
Allowable Qualifiers: BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CI chemically induced
CL classification
CN congenital
CO complications
DG diagnostic imaging
DH diet therapy
DI diagnosis
DT drug therapy
EC economics
EH ethnology
EM embryology
EN enzymology
EP epidemiology
ET etiology
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
ME metabolism
MI microbiology
MO mortality
NU nursing
PA pathology
PC prevention & control
PP physiopathology
PS parasitology
PX psychology
RH rehabilitation
RT radiotherapy
SU surgery
TH therapy
UR urine
VE veterinary
VI virology
Previous Indexing: Optic Nerve (1966-1975)
Optic Nerve Diseases (1976-1995)
Public MeSH Note: 96
History Note: 96
DeCS ID: 32660
Unique ID: D018917
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1996/01/01
Date of Entry: 1995/01/06
Revision Date: 2019/06/17
Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic - Preferred
Concept UI M0028286
Scope note Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)
Preferred term Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic
Entry term(s) Ischaemic Neuropathy, Optic
Ischemia, Optic Nerve
Ischemic Neuropathy, Optic
Ischemic Optic Neuropathies
Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Nerve Ischemia, Optic
Neuropathy, Ischemic Optic
Neuropathy, Optic Ischaemic
Neuropathy, Optic Ischemic
Optic Ischaemic Neuropathies
Optic Ischaemic Neuropathy
Optic Ischemic Neuropathies
Optic Ischemic Neuropathy
Optic Nerve Ischemia
Optic Nerve Ischemias
Posterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy - Narrower
Concept UI M0336261
Preferred term Posterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Entry term(s) Optic Neuropathy, Posterior Ischemic
Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy - Narrower
Concept UI M0336260
Preferred term Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Entry term(s) Optic Neuropathy, Anterior Ischemic
Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy - Narrower
Concept UI M000649539
Preferred term Nonarteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
Entry term(s) NAION



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