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Descriptor English: SAM Domain and HD Domain-Containing Protein 1
Descriptor Spanish: Proteína 1 que Contiene Dominios SAM y HD
Descriptor Portuguese: Proteína 1 com Domínio SAM e Domínio HD
Descriptor French: Protéine-1 contenant un domaine SAM et un domaine HD
Entry term(s): SAM Domain and HD Domain Containing Protein 1
SAMHD1 Deoxynucleoside Triphosphate Triphosphohydrolase
SAMHD1 Protein
SAMHD1 dNTPase
Tree number(s): D08.811.277.040.725
D08.811.277.352.700.843
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D000076106
Scope note: A host restriction triphosphorylhydrolase and dNTPase that contains an N-terminal STERILE ALPHA MOTIF and central, conserved ASPARTATE and HISTIDINE (HD) domain. It acts on single-stranded RNA, yielding deoxynucleosides and triphosphate, and functions in anti-viral defense through its dNTPase activity, reducing cellular dNTP levels below what is required for retroviral reverse transcription in DENDRITIC CELLS and MYELOID CELLS. It also has RIBONUCLEASE activity which blocks early replication of retroviruses such as HIV-1. Mutations in the SAMHD1 gene are associated with type 5 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome (AGS5) and type 2 chilblain LUPUS (CHBL2).
Allowable Qualifiers: AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BI biosynthesis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
DE drug effects
DF deficiency
EC economics
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PH physiology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UL ultrastructure
UR urine
Registry Number: EC 3.1.5.-
Previous Indexing: Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins (2004-2017)
Public MeSH Note: 2018
History Note: 2018
DeCS ID: 57002
Unique ID: D000076106
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 2018/01/01
Date of Entry: 2017/07/11
Revision Date: 2017/06/29
SAM Domain and HD Domain-Containing Protein 1 - Preferred
Concept UI M000632192
Scope note A host restriction triphosphorylhydrolase and dNTPase that contains an N-terminal STERILE ALPHA MOTIF and central, conserved ASPARTATE and HISTIDINE (HD) domain. It acts on single-stranded RNA, yielding deoxynucleosides and triphosphate, and functions in anti-viral defense through its dNTPase activity, reducing cellular dNTP levels below what is required for retroviral reverse transcription in DENDRITIC CELLS and MYELOID CELLS. It also has RIBONUCLEASE activity which blocks early replication of retroviruses such as HIV-1. Mutations in the SAMHD1 gene are associated with type 5 Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome (AGS5) and type 2 chilblain LUPUS (CHBL2).
Preferred term SAM Domain and HD Domain-Containing Protein 1
Entry term(s) SAM Domain and HD Domain Containing Protein 1
SAMHD1 Deoxynucleoside Triphosphate Triphosphohydrolase
SAMHD1 Protein
SAMHD1 dNTPase



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