Search
Descriptor English: Haiti
Descriptor Spanish: Haití
Descriptor Portuguese: Haiti
Descriptor French: Haïti
Tree number(s): Z01.107.084.900.425
Z01.639.880.425
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D006205
Scope note: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
Annotation: with the Dominican Republic = Hispaniola, a hist name for the island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies
Allowable Qualifiers: EH ethnology
EP epidemiology
DeCS ID: 6358
Unique ID: D006205
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2012/07/03
Haiti - Preferred
Concept UI M0009755
Scope note A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. With the Dominican Republic it forms the island of Hispaniola - Haiti occupying the western third and the Dominican Republic, the eastern two thirds. Haiti belonged to France from 1697 until its rule was challenged by slave insurrections from 1791. It became a republic in 1820. It was virtually an American protectorate from 1915 to 1934. It adopted its present constitution in 1964 and amended it in 1971. The name may represent either of two Caribbean words, haiti, mountain land, or jhaiti, nest. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p481 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p225)
Preferred term Haiti



We want your feedback on the new DeCS / MeSH website

We invite you to complete a survey that will take no more than 3 minutes.


Go to survey