Search
Descriptor English: Martinique
Descriptor Spanish: Martinica
Descriptor Portuguese: Martinica
Descriptor French: Martinique
Tree number(s): Z01.107.084.900.600
Z01.639.880.600
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D008395
Scope note: An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
Annotation: an island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies
Allowable Qualifiers: EH ethnology
EP epidemiology
History Note: 75
DeCS ID: 8567
Unique ID: D008395
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1975/01/01
Date of Entry: 1974/11/11
Revision Date: 2012/07/03
Martinique - Preferred
Concept UI M0013070
Scope note An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)
Preferred term Martinique



We want your feedback on the new DeCS / MeSH website

We invite you to complete a survey that will take no more than 3 minutes.


Go to survey