Descriptor English: Retinaldehyde
Descriptor Spanish: Retinaldehído
Descriptor Portuguese: Retinaldeído
Descriptor French: Rétinal
Entry term(s): 11-cis-Rétinal
Tree number(s): D02.047.850
RDF Unique Identifier:
Scope note: A carotenoid-derived diterpene that is a constituent of visual pigments. It is the oxidized form of retinol which functions as the active component of the visual cycle. It is bound to the protein opsin forming the complex rhodopsin. When stimulated by visible light, the retinal component of the rhodopsin complex undergoes isomerization at the 11-position of the double bond to the cis-form; this is reversed in "dark" reactions to return to the native trans-configuration.
Annotation: /biosyn /physiol permitted
Allowable Qualifiers: AA analogues et dérivés
AD administration et posologie
AE effets indésirables
AG agonistes
AI antagonistes et inhibiteurs
AN analyse
BI biosynthèse
BL sang
CF liquide cérébrospinal
CH composition chimique
CL classification
CS synthèse chimique
DF déficit
EC économie
GE génétique
HI histoire
IM immunologie
IP isolement et purification
ME métabolisme
PD pharmacologie
PH physiologie
PK pharmacocinétique
PO intoxication
RE effets des radiations
SD ressources et distribution
ST normes
TO toxicité
TU usage thérapeutique
UR urine
Registry Number: RR725D715M
CAS Type 1 Name: Retinal
DeCS ID: 12588
Unique ID: D012172
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1991/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2020/06/09
Rétinal - Preferred
Concept UI M0018957
Preferred term Rétinal
Entry term(s) Axérophtal
11-cis-Rétinal - Narrower
Concept UI M0018958
Preferred term 11-cis-Rétinal

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