Search
Descriptor English: Caustics
Descriptor Spanish: Cáusticos
Descriptor cáusticos
Entry term(s) corrosivo
corrosivos
cáustico
Scope note: Productos químicos alcalinos potentes que destruyen los tejidos corporales blandos causando un tipo de quemadura profunda y penetrante, a diferencia de los corrosivos, que dan lugar a un tipo de lesión más superficial por origen químico o inflamatorio. Los cáusticos suelen ser hidróxidos de metales ligeros. El HIDRÓXIDO SÓDICO y el hidróxido potásico son los cáusticos que más suelen utilizarse en la industria. Desde el punto de vista médico, se han usado externamente para eliminar tejidos enfermos o muertos y para destruir verrugas y tumores pequeños. La ingestión accidental de productos (ya sea en el hogar o en la industria) que contienen ingredientes cáusticos causa miles de lesiones al año.
Descriptor Portuguese: Cáusticos
Descriptor French: Caustiques
Entry term(s): Caustic
Corrosive
Corrosives
Tree number(s): D27.720.185
D27.888.569.185
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D002424
Scope note: Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.
Annotation: caustic injury: index CAUSTICS /tox + BURNS, CHEMICAL + organ /inj; see also note on ESOPHAGEAL STENOSIS
Allowable Qualifiers: AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AN analysis
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
EC economics
HI history
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
DeCS ID: 2462
Unique ID: D002424
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1966/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2020/05/27
Caustics - Preferred
Concept UI M0003694
Scope note Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.
Preferred term Caustics
Entry term(s) Caustic
Corrosives - Broader
Concept UI M0003695
Preferred term Corrosives
Entry term(s) Corrosive



We want your feedback on the new DeCS / MeSH website

We invite you to complete a survey that will take no more than 3 minutes.


Go to survey