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Descriptor English: DNA, Circular
Descriptor Spanish: ADN Circular
Descriptor Portuguese: DNA Circular
Descriptor French: ADN circulaire
Entry term(s): Circular DNA
Circular DNAs
DNAs, Circular
Tree number(s): D13.444.308.283
G02.111.570.820.486.212
G05.360.580.156
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D004270
Scope note: Any of the covalently closed DNA molecules found in bacteria, many viruses, mitochondria, plastids, and plasmids. Small, polydisperse circular DNA's have also been observed in a number of eukaryotic organisms and are suggested to have homology with chromosomal DNA and the capacity to be inserted into, and excised from, chromosomal DNA. It is a fragment of DNA formed by a process of looping out and deletion, containing a constant region of the mu heavy chain and the 3'-part of the mu switch region. Circular DNA is a normal product of rearrangement among gene segments encoding the variable regions of immunoglobulin light and heavy chains, as well as the T-cell receptor. (Riger et al., Glossary of Genetics, 5th ed & Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Annotation: IM; /drug eff /ultrastruct permitted
Allowable Qualifiers: AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AG agonists
AI antagonists & inhibitors
AN analysis
BI biosynthesis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
DE drug effects
EC economics
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PH physiology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UL ultrastructure
UR urine
Previous Indexing: DNA (1966-1972)
Public MeSH Note: 74
History Note: 74(73)
DeCS ID: 22154
Unique ID: D004270
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1974/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2015/06/22
DNA, Circular - Preferred
Concept UI M0006682
Scope note Any of the covalently closed DNA molecules found in bacteria, many viruses, mitochondria, plastids, and plasmids. Small, polydisperse circular DNA's have also been observed in a number of eukaryotic organisms and are suggested to have homology with chromosomal DNA and the capacity to be inserted into, and excised from, chromosomal DNA. It is a fragment of DNA formed by a process of looping out and deletion, containing a constant region of the mu heavy chain and the 3'-part of the mu switch region. Circular DNA is a normal product of rearrangement among gene segments encoding the variable regions of immunoglobulin light and heavy chains, as well as the T-cell receptor. (Riger et al., Glossary of Genetics, 5th ed & Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Preferred term DNA, Circular
Entry term(s) Circular DNA
Circular DNAs
DNAs, Circular



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