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Descriptor English: Caspases
Descriptor Spanish: Caspasas
Descriptor Portuguese: Caspases
Descriptor French: Caspases
Entry term(s): Caspase
Tree number(s): D08.811.277.656.262.500.126
D08.811.277.656.300.200.126
D12.644.360.075.405
D12.776.476.075.405
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D020169
Scope note: A family of intracellular CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that play a role in regulating INFLAMMATION and APOPTOSIS. They specifically cleave peptides at a CYSTEINE amino acid that follows an ASPARTIC ACID residue. Caspases are activated by proteolytic cleavage of a precursor form to yield large and small subunits that form the enzyme. Since the cleavage site within precursors matches the specificity of caspases, sequential activation of precursors by activated caspases can occur.
Annotation: CASPASES, EFFECTOR and CASPASES, INITIATOR and specifics are available
Allowable Qualifiers: AD administration & dosage
AE adverse effects
AN analysis
BI biosynthesis
BL blood
CF cerebrospinal fluid
CH chemistry
CL classification
CS chemical synthesis
DE drug effects
DF deficiency
EC economics
GE genetics
HI history
IM immunology
IP isolation & purification
ME metabolism
PD pharmacology
PH physiology
PK pharmacokinetics
PO poisoning
RE radiation effects
SD supply & distribution
ST standards
TO toxicity
TU therapeutic use
UL ultrastructure
UR urine
Entry Combination: antagonists & inhibitors:Caspase Inhibitors
Registry Number: EC 3.4.22.-
Previous Indexing: Cysteine Proteinases (1997-1998)
Public MeSH Note: 99
History Note: 99
Related: Apoptosis MeSH
DeCS ID: 33826
Unique ID: D020169
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1999/01/01
Date of Entry: 1998/06/10
Revision Date: 2020/05/27
Caspases - Preferred
Concept UI M0029891
Scope note A family of intracellular CYSTEINE ENDOPEPTIDASES that play a role in regulating INFLAMMATION and APOPTOSIS. They specifically cleave peptides at a CYSTEINE amino acid that follows an ASPARTIC ACID residue. Caspases are activated by proteolytic cleavage of a precursor form to yield large and small subunits that form the enzyme. Since the cleavage site within precursors matches the specificity of caspases, sequential activation of precursors by activated caspases can occur.
Preferred term Caspases
Entry term(s) Caspase



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