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Descriptor English: Peptide Biosynthesis
Descriptor Spanish: Biosíntesis de Péptidos
Descriptor biosíntesis de péptidos
Entry term(s) biosíntesis peptídica
Scope note: Producción de PÉPTIDOS o PROTEÍNAS mediante los constituyentes de un organismo vivo. La biosíntesis de proteínas en los RIBOSOMAS siguiendo una matriz de ARN se denomina traducción (TRADUCCIÓN GENÉTICA). Existe otro mecanismo de biosíntesis de péptidos no ribosómica (BIOSÍNTESIS DE PÉPTIDOS INDEPENDIENTE DE ÁCIDO NUCLEICO), que realizan las PEPTIDO SINTETASAS y las PEPTIDILTRANSFERASAS. Ulteriores modificaciones de las cadenas peptídicas dan lugar a péptidos funcionales y moléculas de proteínas.
Descriptor Portuguese: Biossíntese Peptídica
Descriptor French: Biosynthèse des peptides
Entry term(s): Biosynthesis, Peptide
Tree number(s): G02.111.660
G03.734
RDF Unique Identifier: https://id.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/D010452
Scope note: The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules.
Annotation: general or unspecified; prefer specific peptide/biosyn; PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS and PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT are also available
Allowable Qualifiers: DE drug effects
GE genetics
IM immunology
PH physiology
RE radiation effects
Previous Indexing: Peptides/biosynthesis (1966-1997)
Public MeSH Note: 2005; see PEPTIDE SYNTHESIS 1998-2004
History Note: 2005 (1998)
Entry Version: PEPTIDE BIOSYN
Related: Protein Biosynthesis MeSH
DeCS ID: 10645
Unique ID: D010452
Documents indexed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL): Click here to access the VHL documents
Date Established: 1998/01/01
Date of Entry: 1999/01/01
Revision Date: 2016/07/01
Peptide Biosynthesis - Preferred
Concept UI M0016234
Scope note The production of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS by the constituents of a living organism. The biosynthesis of proteins on RIBOSOMES following an RNA template is termed translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC). There are other, non-ribosomal peptide biosynthesis (PEPTIDE BIOSYNTHESIS, NUCLEIC ACID-INDEPENDENT) mechanisms carried out by PEPTIDE SYNTHASES and PEPTIDYLTRANSFERASES. Further modifications of peptide chains yield functional peptide and protein molecules.
Preferred term Peptide Biosynthesis
Entry term(s) Biosynthesis, Peptide



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